• The 5 Essential Components of Reading

    PHONEMIC AWARENESS-The knowledge and manipulation of sounds in spoken words.

    PHONICS-The relationship between written and spoken letters and sounds.

    READING FLUENCY, INCLUDING ORAL READING SKILLS-The ability to read with accuracy, and with appropriate rate, expression, and phrasing.

    VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT-The knowledge of words, their definitions, and context.

    COMPREHENSION-The understanding of meaning in text.