• What a Speech-Language Pathologist Does...

    • evaluated and identifies students with speech, language and related problems
    • plans and conducts activities to improve students speaking, listening, and other language skills
    • collaborates with parents, care-givers, teachers and other professionals in understanding and meeting a student's speech, language and academic needs
    • monitors and documents the effectiveness of treatment and student progress
    • writes reports and does other required paperwork
    • educates parents, teachers and administrators about communication development and disorders

    Caseload Considerations

    • severity of the speech or language problem
    • effect of the problem on a student's school performance
    • developmental stage of the problem
    • relationship of the problem to other conditions (e.g., hearing loss, learning disabilities, other health impairments)
    • type of service - individuals, small or large group, consultation, classroom support

    Communication Disorders refer to impairments in articulation, language, voice or fluency.  A child with a communication disorder is a child with a disorder in one or more of the processes of speech, hearing, or language which interferes with his or her ability to speak, understand or use language.  Such disorders may be developmental or acquired and may range in degree of severity from mild to severe.

    •  Speech Disorders - difficulties using one's voice, articulating sounds or speaking fluently
      • Voice - difficulties in volume, pitch or quality of voice
      • Articulation Disorders - difficulties producing sounds of speech
      • Fluency Disorders - abnormal flow of verbal expression
    • Language Disorders - impairments or deviant development of comprehension and/or spoken, written and/or other symbol system.  The disorder may involve the form of language (phonologic, morphologic and syntactic systems), the content of language (semantic system), and/or the use of language communication (pragmatic system) in any combination
      • Phonology - is the sound system of a language and the linguistic rules that govern the sound combinations (ex. possible sound combinations)
      • Morphology - linguistic rule system that governs the structure of words and the construction of word forms from the basic elements of meaning (ex. verb tenses)
      • Syntax - linguistic rule governing the order and combination of words to form sentences and the relationships among the elements within a sentence (ex. sentence grammar)